LabView 2010 Resolution

After listing out what I thought we needed to focus on for 2009 in the form of “New Year’s Resolutions” last year, I am now getting pushed by some of the folks here in our Marketing group to come up with my 2010 resolutions list. The good news is that a fair number of people (including some internal people here at NI) read my list of resolutions and tracked our results through the year. The bad news is that now it has become an expectation – so here in the first week of February I am laying out my 2010 list – better late than never.

Before looking at a new list, it’s important to understand that everything on the 2009 list is still in play. I don’t think any of them are completely “finished”, but for the sake of progress, I am going to put most of them into “business as usual” mode for 2010. However, two items from last year jump out such that they require continued focus in 2010:

1. Provide better support for third-party tools – We made a lot of progress in 2009, but most of it was in the area of internal awareness and investment. You should start to see more results externally in 2010. Its important that we follow through on the investment we made last year.
2. Get serious about upgrade and deployment pain – This is an area where I think we can do better. The hardest part of this is quantifying our improvement – how do we know that upgrading from an earlier version to LV 2009 is better? We rely on word of mouth and personal experience through our Tech Support and system engineering resources. I feel like this is still an area of unfinished business, so its staying on the list.

Now for a few new items for 2010:

1. Simplify the product learning curve
2. Help users manage their NI software better
3. Build better tools for capturing customer input

All three of these are topics which will probably not be able to be solved in a year. However, similar to supporting third-party tools in 2009, we have to make some internal plans and investments this year if we are to make progress in the future. I hope to use forums like this blog or NIWeek to preview our ideas with the user community to ensure we are on the right path. I’ll add some more detail to these in subsequent posts… In the meantime, I can at least say that my LabVIEW 2010 New Years’ Resolutions list is official:

1. Simplify the product learning curve
2. Help users manage their NI software better
3. Build better tools for capturing customer input
4. Support third-party tools (carryover from 2009)
5. Reduce upgrade and deployment pain (carryover from 2009)


Ghizer———The Paradise unexplored yet

Ghizer, the name for the western end of the Gilgit valley above Gakuch, is a new political district administered from Gakuch. The road continues west from Gakuch, through Gupis and along the Ghizer River for about 100 kilometers to the Shandur Pass, then enters Chitral District in North West Frontier Province.


The road to Chitral leaves Gilgit to the west passing the turn off to the Kargah Buddah. The road passes along the south side of the Gilgit River, through the small village of Sherote that marks the boundary between Gilgit and Ghizer District. The road continues through Gulapur, with its east inspection Bungalow, with the green and fertile village of Rashmal across the river, connected by a new bridge. At the next village, Goharabad, there is a small stop.

Being a relatively fertile and well-watered strip of land on either side of the Gilgit River the former independent kingdom of Punial became a bone of contention between the rulers of Yasin and Gilgit. Both state possessed the region in turn until the Maharaja of Kashmir annexed it in 1860. Part of the desire to control Punial was due to strategic location of the fort at Sher Qila. On the North side of the river, connected to the main road by a suspension bridge, Sher Qila (33 km from Gilgit and one hour drive) controls the western approach to Gilgit.


The district between Gupis and the Shandur pass are referred to as Ghizer (sometimes Ghizer) and Kuh. up until Phander, there are numerous rock carvings many on boulders that can be easily viewed from the road. Dani (1991 ‘History of the Northern Areas) suggest that these art forms illustrate the lives of pastoral nomads who may have moved here in early Christian times, and show great continuity with similar designs found in the Pamir region. Many show mounted horsemen solar motifs, hunting scenes, and long horned ibexes.

About 140 km and 3 hours drive from Gilgit Gupis is the large natural Khalti Lake that has remained since a major flood about 25 years ago it makes a great place to camp. Beyond Gupis the river is referred to as the Ghizer River and at Dahimal (22 km) it is joined from the south by emerald green Bathraiz River flowing from Swat Kohistan. The Bathraiz Valley leads south towards the Tangir Valley although you should not attempt to follow this route. This was one route that the early Buddhist pilgrims used on their journeys from China to Gandhara, Swat and other pilgrimage sites in south Asia, as well as the means of access for invading armies from Chitral and the Kingdoms to the north.

Small villages on the way to Shadur pass 61 Kilometer from Gupis. This place called little Kashmir. A couple of kilometers beyond the village is a good campsite in a meadow beside the river, where one can swim, fish (trout) and enjoy the serene place.

The road then carries on through the picturesque Phander valley to cross the river to the right and climbs a hill to reach the Phander Lake. The NAPWD rest house is perched on the top of a hill on the bank of the lake.

The road track continues through Tero (22 kilometers) at 3,065 meters, and Barsat (3,353 meters), the final settlement in the district, before entering a beautiful glen. The camping siteshere at Langar are superb, with fresh springs, a trout stocked river, and a lush green meadows set in a natural amphitheater of snow capped peaks.

Handrup Lake

Handrap lake, the famous trout fishing resort is approached after 3 to 4 hours walk from the Handrup village. The village is situated on the way towards Chitral from Gilgit, near Shandur pass in the District Ghizer of Northern Areas. May catch a lot of trout fish on the way, but surly at the lake. You may see brown bear also if you are lucky enough.

Shandur Pass
The road west of Gilgit leads to Shandur pass and Chitral with side road serving the valley of Ishkoman and Yasin. The western end of Gilgit valley is called Ghizar, a political district. The road continues west from Gilgit, through Gakuch, Gupis, Pingal, Phunder, Ghulak Muli, Tero, Barsat, Lunger and along the Ghizar River for about 180 kilometers and 8 hours to the Shandur pass and this river is famous for Trout Fishing.

The Shandur pass is blocked by snow from November to May. The top of the pass is flat and pastured at 3,734 meters from the sea level. The best time to visit shandur is end of June when the annual polo game is played on the Shandur pass between Gilgit and Chitral team at this time. You can camp there and watch the original polo matches for a couple of days and enjoy this thrilling game on the highest polo ground in the world.

original Source: Posted on September 20, 2008 by Pamir Times

GIKI Undergraduation Admission

Undergraduate Admissions in the Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute for the Academic Year 2010 are now open

Important dates for admissions 2010

Availability of Prospectus ———April 18, 2010

Last date for receipt of Admission Forms—–June 11, 2010

Dispatch of Entry-test Admit Cards———June 18, 2010

Last date for receipt of SAT- II Scores——July 04, 2010

GIKI Undergraduate Admission Test———July 04, 2010

Announcement of Results————July 09, 2010

Commencement Ceremony ———–August 21, 2010


The applicants must have one of the following qualifications with at least 60% overall marks or equivalent grade. Applicants must also secure at least 60% marks or equivalent grade in Mathematics and Physics.

1. HSSC (Pre-Engineering) with Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry
2. Three A-levels (Advanced Level General Certificate of Education) in Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry (D or above grade Mathematics and Physics) and seven O-levels.
3. American or Canadian High School Diploma with Mathematics (with calculus) Physics and Chemistry.
4. International Baccalaureate (IB) Diploma with Mathematics (with calculus), Physics and Chemistry.
5. B.Sc. with Physics and Mathematics
6. Three year polytechnic diploma, in the same discipline as faculty applied for, from a Pakistani Board of Technical Education.
7. HSSC (Pre-Medical) having completed Additional Mathematics with at least 60% marks in the subject.

For further Details go to:

Apple Buys second chip company

The New York Times reported Tuesday that Apple in March acquired Austin-based Intrinsity, known for its low-power static design techniques and most recently applauded for its 1-GHz Hummingbird processor, a supped up version of the 650-MHz ARM Cortex-A8.

As reported by EDN on April 1 — hours before Apple’s long-awaited iPad hit retail shelves — such an acquisition would make sense for the consumer electronics leader, as Intrinsity was suspected to be the CPU core technology provider for the Apple-custom A4 microprocessor found in the popular tablet.

Linley Gwennap, founder and principal analyst of The Linley Group, told EDN this morning that at this point it is his best understanding that Intrinsity is behind the A4 CPU.

“The Hummingbird processor was designed by Intrinsity engineers under contract to Samsung. The Hummingbird processor was designed to run at 1 GHz and we know that the A4 is manufactured by Samsung and that it runs at 1 GHz. So it seems almost certain that the CPU in the A4 is the Hummingbird CPU designed by Intrinsity,” he said. “No one has announced a 1 GHz Cortex-A8 CPU other than Samsung with the Hummingbird.”

The Times did not confirm Intrinsity’s rumored $121 million purchase price, but Gwennap estimated such an amount would be a reasonable price for the design team that Intrinsity has, as well as its broad patent portfolio and underlying tools.

The Intrinsity buy follows Apple’s 2008 purchase of PA Semi, a fabless chip designer that specialized in low-power PowerPC microprocessors, for $278 million. Initial thoughts on the iPad’s A4 were that Apple relied on the acquired PA Semi team to build the processor. Gwennap noted, however, that the PA Semi team was unlikely to be behind the A4, as a new CPU usually takes some three years to design, integrate, and validate before it moves out the door in product. Given that time allowance, PA Semi’s technology had not been part of Apple long enough to be a design factor in the iPad, officially announced on January 27, less than two years after Apple’s PA Semi buy. Indeed, Gwennap in February instead suggested that the super speedy Hummingbird was behind the iPad’s A4. Since then, several industry analysts have pointed to Intrinsity as the key to the A4.

Still, Apple may have had its PA Semi buy in mind when purchasing Intrinsity. “Intrinsity’s real expertise is more in the circuit design. They have spent years developing and patenting some very unique techniques that they use to achieve high clock speeds at low power, whereas PA Semi’s expertise is in more of the CPU architecture and CPU logic design. I think the two teams are very complementary. [Apple] could use the Intrinsity circuit techniques to accelerate whatever CPU architecture the PA Semi guys have been working on. They could actually fit together pretty well,” Gwennap said.

Apple also likely had future A4 design plans beyond the iPad in mind when making the buy. “It doesn’t really make sense for Apple to invest this much money to develop CPUs for the iPad,” Gwennap said. “The product sales are supposed to be in the millions this year, but they have a large and thriving iPhone business so I would fully expect the A4 to be in the next generation iPhone and potentially in the iPod touch, as well. When you put the three products – the iPad, iPhone, and iPod touch – together, you’re looking at a 50 million run rate. That’s the kind of run rate that makes sense to design a custom processor for.”

Apple reaching for ARM?

Meanwhile, rumors suggesting a possible Apple acquisition of IP giant ARM Holdings seem unlikely, Gwennap said, noting the high price such an acquisition would fetch, the minimal value to Apple ARM would provide, and, given ARM’s broad customer list, possible antitrust issues such an acquisition would raise.

Such rumors were first trenched up on April 21, encouraging ARM shares to climb about 7%. But ARM CEO Warren East immediately disputed the possibility in The Guardian. “Apple does not need to buy the company, they can just license technologies for less,” he told the UK newspaper.

While ARM’s IP plays in Apple’s iPhone, iPod touch, and iPad, analysts at iSuppli Corp note that that alone does not make such an acquisition smart. “Just because ARM’s IP plays an important role in mobile devices, that doesn’t necessarily mean ARM is of strategic value to Apple,” said William Kidd, director and principal analyst, financial services for iSuppli, in a statement. “ISuppli thinks ARM would represent a costly acquisition with little in the way of true strategic benefits. The acquisition would not give Apple’s products a competitive edge/differentiating value. ISuppli also doesn’t buy into prevailing speculation that there could be significant value in denying other competitors access to ARM’s IP, since the majority of the impact would be felt by companies like Broadcom, Samsung, and Texas Instruments, which are not exactly Apple’s biggest rivals. In any case, there would be no visible end-market impact seen for two years at a minimum.”

Original source:

Single IC forms precision triangular wave generator

The linearity of triangular waveforms makes the triangular-wave generator useful in sweep circuits and test equipment. For example, switched-mode power supplies and induction motor-control circuits often include a triangular-wave oscillator as part of their PWM (pulse-width-modulation) circuit.

The basic triangular-wave generator includes an integrator for generating the triangular-wave output and a comparator with external hysteresis, such as a Schmitt trigger, for setting the output amplitude . You can implement these components with a Maxim MAX9000 IC, which includes a high-speed operational amplifier, a 185-nsec comparator, and a precision 1.23V bandgap reference.

The integration of a constant current, which you obtain by applying constant voltage across a resistor, produces a linear ramp at the op amp’s output. This output feeds a Schmitt trigger whose output feeds back to the integrator resistor. Abrupt state changes in the Schmitt trigger’s output determine the peak voltages for the triangular-wave output. These changes in turn depend on the input threshold voltages you set for the Schmitt trigger.

Unfortunately for this circuit, the triangular-wave peaks must be symmetrical about the reference voltage you apply to the comparator’s inverting input. To generate a triangular wave from 0.5 to 4.5V, for example, you must provide a reference voltage of (0.5V+4.5V)/2=2.5V.

It would be preferable to set this voltage range independently of the standard bandgap-reference voltage available, 1.23V. You can achieve this flexibility by adding resistor R3 to the hysteresis network in a single-IC version of the circuit (Figure 2). R3 lets you set the triangular-wave peaks independently of the reference voltage.

To build the Schmitt-trigger comparator, you first select R2. The comparator’s input-bias current at CIN+ is less than 80 nA. To minimize the error this current causes, the current through R2, [(VREF–VOUT)/R2], should be at least 8 µA. R2 requires two equations, corresponding to the two possible comparator-output states: R2=VREF/IR2, and R2=(VDD–VREF)/IR2.

Use the smaller of the two resulting resistor values. For example, if the supply voltage is 5V, the reference voltage is 1.23V, and the reference current is 8 µA, the two R2 values are 471.25 and 153.75 kΩ, so this circuit uses the standard value of 154 kΩ.

Next, select R1 and R3. During a rising ramp, the comparator output is logic low (VSS). Similarly, the comparator output is at logic high (VDD) during a falling ramp. Thus, the comparator must change state according to the required peak and valley points of the triangular wave.

Two simultaneous equations result when you apply nodal analysis at the noninverting input of the comparator and solve for these two thresholds:

and In this example, the voltage range of the triangular wave is 0.5 to 4.5V. You therefore substitute a value for VIH of 4.5V, VIL of 0.5V, VDD of 5V, and VREF of 1.23V into the above equations to obtain a value of 124 kΩ for R1 and 66.5 kΩ for R3.

You can now design the integrator. Considering the comparator’s two possible output states, the magnitude of current flowing through R4 is: IR4=(VDD–VREF)/R4, or IR4=VREF/R4. The op amp’s maximum input-bias current is 2 nA. To minimize error, therefore, the current through R4 must always be greater than 0.2 µA. This constraint implies that R4’s value is less than 6.12 MΩ.

The triangular-waveform frequency is:

For this example, the frequency is 25 kHz, the output voltage is 4V p-p, or 0.5 to 4.5V for a triangular wave, and the reference voltage is 1.23V. Solving for the resulting time constant, R4C=9.27 µsec. Select a capacitance of 220 pF and a value of 42.2 kΩ for R4.

The resulting output should match the desired frequency, provided that the op amp is not slew-limited. Because the feedback capacitor charges or discharges with a constant current, the output signal’s maximum rate of change is:

To provide a margin against process variations, the op amp’s typical slew rate should be 40% higher than the maximum rate of change of the output signal—0.56V/µsec or greater in this case. The op amp’s slew rate is 0.85V/µsec, which is therefore adequate for this 25-kHz waveform (Figure 3).

Original Source:

Brooklyn teenager Rodney Bradford’s Facebook message serves as alibi in robbery case –

Brooklyn teenager Rodney Bradford’s Facebook message serves as alibi in robbery case –
Pass the syrup — this lucky guy is eating breakfast at home instead of on Rikers Island.

A Brooklyn teen's playful Facebook message to his pregnant girlfriend about pancakes sprung him from jail and helped him avoid years in prison for a holdup he didn't commit.

Prosecutors dropped a robbery charge against Rodney Bradford, 19, after learning his Facebook account status had been updated with the inside joke "WHERE MY IHOP?" from a computer in his dad's Harlem apartment one minute before an Oct. 17 stickup of two men in Brooklyn's Farragut Houses.
RODNEY BRADFORD At B'klyn home yesterday.
RODNEY BRADFORD At B'klyn home yesterday.

"They had me on Rikers Island for 12 days. It was really miserable," Bradford told The Post last night.

"If it wasn't for Facebook I'd still be on Rikers Island."

His joyful stepmom, Ernestine Bradford, agreed, saying. "Facebook saved my son," she said. "Normally, we yell at our kids, 'Oh, you're on the computer!" It's completely different. If it wasn't for Facebook, my son wouldn't be here."

The electronic fingerprints from Bradford's Facebook posting backed up multiple witnesses who said he was at his dad's home that day, and knocked down a victim's claim that he recognized one of the robbers as Bradford, who lives in Farragut Houses.

"This was just a very strong alibi," said Bradford's lawyer, Robert Reuland. "It reflects the pervasiveness that Web sites and social networking has on our lives."

Stepmom……My most recent favourite movie

Isabel: Look down the road to her wedding. I’m in a room alone with her, fixing her veil, fluffing her dress, telling her no woman has ever looked so beautiful. And my fear is she’ll think, “I wish my mom were here.”
Jackie Harrison: And my fear is… she won’t.

Share this quote
Isabel: You know, I never wanted to be a mom. Sharing it with you… that’s one thing. It’s another to be looking over my shoulder for the next twenty years, knowing someone else would have done it better… someone else would have done it right.
Jackie Harrison: What do you have that I don’t?
Isabel: You’re Mother Earth, incarnate.
Jackie Harrison: You’re… hip, and fresh.
Isabel: You ride with Anna.
Jackie Harrison: You’ll learn.
Isabel: You know every story, every wound, every memory. Their whole life’s happiness is wrapped up in you… every single second. Don’t you get it? Look down the road to her wedding. I’m in a room alone with her, fixing her veil, fluffing her dress, telling her no woman has ever looked so beautiful. And my fear is she’ll be thinking, “I wish my mom was here.”
Jackie Harrison: And mine is… she won’t.

Share this quote
Jackie Harrison: You know, Ben was born in two hours, went right to the breast, and camped there for 4 days. His blanket looked just like a cape, even the nurses thought so. He loves hearing that story about how he was born a magician.
Isabel: What about her?
Jackie Harrison: 28 hours. The doctors wanted to go in and get her, but I knew she’d come at her own time. You can never rush her.
Isabel: I’ll keep that in mind.

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Isabel: You look tired.
Jackie Harrison: I hate when people say that. It’s like a polite way of telling you that you look like shit.

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Jackie Harrison: Just because you can’t see something, doesn’t mean it isn’t there.

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[after Anna has called and hung up twice]
Isabel: Hello?… What is your problem, asshole?
Anna Harrison: YOU are my problem!

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Isabel: I am so unbelievably sick of your imperious bullshit. I never said I was June-fucking-Clever…
Jackie Harrison: You don’t use that kind of language in this house!
Isabel: …and if every time life hits her hard you want to have a twelve hour conversation every third Tuesday of the month, go right ahead, lady, I have a life.
Jackie Harrison: Oh, and I don’t?
Jackie Harrison: You know what your problem is? You are so self-involved. You couldn’t be a mother.
Isabel: Maybe the problem here is your daughter, and that she is a spoiled, wise-ass little brat.
Jackie Harrison: Get out of my house. Get out!
Isabel: [pause, she turns to go] Are you sure? I didn’t see that on the schedule.

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Anna Harrison: I don’t have to listen to you, you’re not my mother!

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[Jackie is smoking marijuana]
Jackie Harrison: Yep. Life’s a tradeoff. It’s finally legal to smoke dope, but you got to have cancer.
Isabel: Are you dying?
Jackie Harrison: Not today.

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Jackie Harrison: What are we going to tell the kids?
Luke: Maybe we should tell them the truth. They can handle it. It should’ve been me instead of you.
Jackie Harrison: I’ll go along with that.

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[to Luke]
Isabel: Don’t fight with me when I’m hungry.

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Ben Harrison: Mommy…
Jackie Harrison: What, sweetie?
Ben Harrison: If you want me to hate her I will.

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Isabel: It’s not that I can’t cook, I choose not to cook.

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Isabel: If you meet me back here in 1 hour, I will prove to you why you hired me… even though I wouldn’t sleep with you

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Isabel: [argueing with Jackie, after giving Anna some advice about a guy] What is it that your worried about, looking bad at the P.T.A?

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Luke: Don’t do this. Don’t bring in the lawyers. You know that the kids aren’t in any real danger, this is about Isabel.

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Isabel: Maybe the problem is that your daughter is a spoiled, little brat!
Jackie Harrison: Get out of my house, get out.
Isabel: Are you sure? I didn’t see that on the schedule.

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Ben Harrison: [on the phone with Jackie] And you wish that you were here making me spaghetti…
Ben Harrison: so I don’t have to eat dad’s yucky lamb chops.

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Ben Harrison: [to Isabel] Will you sing me a song? My mom always sings to me when I get hurt.

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Anna Harrison: I’m sorry you’re sick.

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Luke: We’ll beat it. You’re not alone in this you know. You don’t have to go through this by yourself… you know that? Understand what I’m saying?

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Isabel: [backstage at the school Thanksgiving play] I have something to tell you.
Jackie Harrison: You’re having Michael Jackson’s baby.
Isabel: That, *and* Anna is totally over her head for Brad Kovitsky.
Jackie Harrison: [gasp] No!

Share this quote
Isabel: You know, I never wanted to be a mom. Sharing it with you… that’s one thing. It’s another to be looking over my shoulder for the next twenty years, knowing someone else would have done it better… someone else would have done it right.
Jackie Harrison: What do I have that you don’t?
Isabel: You’re Mother Earth, incarnate.
Jackie Harrison: You’re… hip, and fresh.
Isabel: You ride with Anna.
Jackie Harrison: You’ll learn.
Isabel: You know every story, every wound, every memory. Their whole life’s happiness is wrapped up in you… every single second. Don’t you get it? Look down the road to her wedding. I’m in a room alone with her, fixing her veil, fluffing her dress, telling her no woman has ever looked so beautiful. And my fear is she’ll be thinking, “I wish my mom was here.”
Jackie Harrison: And mine is… she won’t.

Outing………may be the last in giki

today i got up at 10:00am and started my day with a cup of tea. the north group had made a plan of outing for Abaseen and at 12:30pm we left the GIKI gate. it was as full of enjoyment as we had in past. some of the friends didn’t come due to their busy timetable but i always cancel any work and join if their is any kind of get together and i really enjoy it.
we reached at the restaurant and order the fish BQ and mattan karai and went to the lake side for photography….we always enjoy the photography here…..and everyone in our group is crazy for photography……then we came back and had our delicious lunch…… we had order more than we could eat and by the end we packed the left over and carried them with us to the hostel….now i am really tired and wanna was a really nice day.

Life is always beautiful

It is the fall of year 1999. i was sitting on the big stone in the field. crops were almost ready to be harvested. i had the science book in the hand and in was memorizing the chemical formulas of the elements and compounds. i was preparing for the admission in AKHSS and i use to dream about my new life and even sometimes i forgot to praise my present life. any those days went on i came to AKHSS and it seemed to me that all dreams of my life came true and there is nothing more to wish for but i had no idea that this chain never gonna end.
this new life was beautiful as i had dreamed, all new friends, new and fascinating environment. but yet it was full of challenges. there came a day when i started about leaving the school and going back to village as the medium of instruction was English and it was hard for me to keep a pace with others but the pressure of my family never let me act on my that stupid thought.
time went on and by the end i graduated from my high school with distinction and then i moved to Lahore, GCU. it was even more beautiful, fascinating and yet full of challenges. but time never seized and my dreams never stopped.
now it is the end of my four year of graduation at GIKI. when i look back i find myself the most lucky person. now my dream is to get a good job and i hope my family and friends prayers are with me and i will get the dream job of my life and pay back for those who have helped me to reach to this stage and also i will try my best to help those who deserve to have all this and need any sort of help.