A Trip to Kashmir

one day one of my good friend, Fida Ali, called me and asked me if I want to join them for a trip to Kashmir. I said I will think  and then considering it as usual talk to be forgotten, I didnt respond. After two days he called again and ask what was my decision. I declined but he insisted and yet again I got time to think over it and then I made quite a few excuse to respond on his next call. As usual my excuses were of no use as he had made up his mind and I was already  part of the trip. So it was decided and I agreed to join them in Abbotabad that early morning.

I do not like the trips till the time i get out of the room so I was excited already when I left from Lahore. It was 10pm and I started my journey from Lahore. I reached Abbotabad early morning and had a delicious breakfast at with Fida Ali. The third member of our trip,Mr Fasi ur rehman, was coming from Islamabad. He is very nice and funny guy perfect for such long trips.

We left at 9am and somewhere on the way after exiting Mansehra we stooped at a fruit shop and bought watermellon. It was so tasty and  Fasi asked the guy if it was injection free because in cities when the fruit is tasty we doubt always it .

Then we stared the journey and at a view point in Gadi Habib Ullah we stopped for  some photography. We witness the massive plantation under Billion Tree Tsunami (BTTP). It is really an amazing work been done by Imran Khan and team, specially in an area where there is abundance of tree and large extend of deforestation was going unnoticed. Imran Khan and team did exactly the opposite.

Then the journey started and our next stop was a point near Muzaffadabad. It was really an amazing  view to see the snake shaped river engulfing the city. The Hydro power station and the zigzag road going up on the mountain was also multiplying the beauty of the city.It is small city relatively but the beauty is beyond expression.

We descended and entered the city. Contrary to our expectation Muzaffarabad is very low altitude and very hot city. We did our lunch at Royal Continental Hotel and had some rest before resuming our journey. To make sure we don’t face any issue in our upcoming remote and long journey we went to mechanic to do a check up for our vehicle.

Our next destination was Neelum Valley.

( To be continued)


The Mighty Baha Lake in Khokush Nala Ghizer, Gilgit-Baltistan

I had been to home on my eid holidays and soon after the eid prayers my elder brother and his friends made plans to go on hiking and fishing to Baha Lake in khokush nala. I was also invited to join them. Although I was yet relieved of the exhaustion of the long drive from Lahore to home but I couldn’t refused as it was always my dream to go on such adventurous tours.

We reached at the lake site almost at mid night and  and camped there. The weather was not that much welcoming that night and in the morning we git up early as it was cold and everyone picked up there tools and went for fishing. I also took one and went to the lake site and there i witnessed majestic view of the lake. I was standing on a big foot of rock and wind was blowing fast. I could see the waves rising in the middle of the lake and coming towards the bank. In no time they stroke with the rocks and turned back. I stopped fishing and sit there for quite long just to enjoy this majestic view. I couldn’t describe it in any better in words so I am putting up the video which I had captured and you can view and enjoy it.



Funny Moments in Courts

Court room is always instantaneous with the lawyers always shooting question at opposite parties and on witnesses.  Sometimes there happen very funny moments in exchange of words from both sides, Here are some of the most funny moments recorded in courtrooms.

1) Some things just aren’t straightforward enough

ATTORNEY: How was your first marriage terminated?

WITNESS: By death…

ATTORNEY: And by whose death was it terminated?

WITNESS: Take a guess.

2) Using the oath as a perfect reason to make a joke

LAWYER: Now sir, I’m sure you are an intelligent and honest man–

WITNESS: Thank you. If I weren’t under oath, I’d return the compliment.

3) Some questions are just too complicated

LAWYER: When he went, had you gone and had she, if she wanted to and were able, for the time being excluding all the restraints on her not to go, gone also, would he have brought you, meaning you and she, with him to the station?

OTHER LAWYER: Objection. That question should be taken out and shot.


4) There’s never a reason not to make a pun

LAWYER: Doctor, did you say he was shot in the woods?

WITNESS: No, I said he was shot in the lumbar region.

5) Taking responses too literally

ATTORNEY: ALL your responses MUST be oral, OK? What school did you go to?


6) To be fair, those headlights are pretty flashy

LAWYER: Trooper, when you stopped the defendant, were your red and blue lights flashing?


LAWYER: Did the defendant say anything when she got out of her car?

WITNESS: Yes, sir.

LAWYER: What did she say?

WITNESS: ‘What disco am I at?’

7) Everything is possible

ATTORNEY: Doctor, before you performed the autopsy, did you check for a pulse?


ATTORNEY: Did you check for blood pressure?


ATTORNEY: Did you check for breathing?


ATTORNEY: So, then it is possible that the patient was alive when you began the autopsy?


ATTORNEY: How can you be so sure, Doctor?

WITNESS: Because his brain was sitting on my desk in a jar.

ATTORNEY: I see, but could the patient have still been alive, nevertheless?

WITNESS: Yes, it is possible that he could have been alive and practicing law.


8) I don’t think that’s how memory works

ATTORNEY: This myasthenia gravis, does it affect your memory at all?


ATTORNEY: And in what ways does it affect your memory?

WITNESS: I forget..

ATTORNEY: You forget? Can you give us an example of something you forgot?

9) Some people just simply aren’t good with numbers

ATTORNEY: How old is your son, the one living with you?

WITNESS: Thirty-eight or thirty-five, I can’t remember which.

ATTORNEY: How long has he lived with you?

WITNESS: Forty-five years.

10) Technically, it’s not wrong, which is the best type of being right

ATTORNEY: What is your date of birth?

WITNESS: July 18th.

ATTORNEY: What year?

WITNESS: Every year.

11) That one must’ve hurt…

ATTORNEY: The youngest son, the 20-year-old, how old is he?

WITNESS: He’s 20, much like your IQ.

12) Details matter

LAWYER: Any suggestions as to what prevented this from being a murder trial instead of an attempted murder trial?

WITNESS: The victim lived.

13) This seems like a trick question

LAWYER: You were there until the time you left, is that true?

14) Using the right to remain silent isn’t always the brightest idea

LAWYER: Did you ever stay all night with this man in New York?

WITNESS: I refuse to answer that question.

LAWYER: Did you ever stay all night with this man in Chicago?

WITNESS: I refuse to answer that question.

LAWYER: Did you ever stay all night with this man in Miami?


Judge and lawyers in courtroom

15) This is when you need to switch attorneys

ATTORNEY: She had three children, right?


ATTORNEY: How many were boys?


ATTORNEY: Were there any girls?

WITNESS: Your Honor, I think I need a different attorney. Can I get a new attorney?

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5 Reasons ‘Game of Thrones’ Fans Didn’t Respond to the HBO Hack

Game of Thrones (GoT), which had its Season 7 finale last week, captured the imagination of millions with its incredible tale of kings, queens and dragons set amid some of the world’s most amazing natural wonders. But it’s the story behind the story that provides the most interesting takeaways for companies.

HBO, GoT’s distributor, was hacked, and over the past few weeks, details, and entire episodes, were leaked. HBO,however, refused to pay a multi-million dollar ransom to the hackers who held those GoT secrets. And, despite intense interest in the show, most fans didn’t bite on the leaks.

Why? Credit the fan loyalty GoT had earned by providing an unparalleled entertainment experience.

How can brands build a similar level of loyalty? Customers commit to brands that are committed to them. In other words, brands that consistently provide exceptional experiences will inspire loyalty, even in the most difficult times.

Here are five experience lessons companies can learn from the GoT leak:

1: “Customer first” means you can’t be held hostage.

HBO was hacked, but the network refused to let that dictate its actions. Instead, it focused on providing the perfect fan experience, and fans responded.

Today, there are lots of loud and distracting voices. Don’t listen to them. The first rule of business is to focus on the customer experience. These people constitute your number one voice. If you’ve developed a deep relationship with your customers, then nothing and no one can hold you hostage.

An interesting example of this came in the early days of Whole Foods. The company built its first store in a floodplain thinking it would be fine. It wasn’t. Not only did the store flood, but the sewage system also leaked badly, and looters robbed what was left of the food products. But because Whole Foods provided such a unique experience, it still managed to develop a loyal customer base.

Those customers then saved the company from bankruptcy by showing up to clean up and rebuild the store.

2: Exceed expectations.

It’s hard to overstate how high fan expectations were for each episode of GoT. But the show exceeded those expectations with pretty much every episode. The entertainment experience was unparalleled, and fans responded by showing their loyalty.

When the opportunity came to engage with the leaks, most fans refused. They rewarded GoT with their loyalty and spurned the hackers. Many took to Twitter, declaring their refusal to look at the leaked material and urging others to do the same.

If you’re loyal to your customers by providing unique and powerful experiences, they’ll be loyal to you — even when something goes wrong. Take Southwest Airlines. It’s known for encouraging its employees to go above and beyond for passengers. This was manifest just a few weeks ago when an employee drove through the night to personally deliver lost luggage to a cancer patient.

3: Be transparent.

When the hackers announced that they’d breached GoT and intended to leak information and episodes, HBO didn’t hide. The network had been hacked before and made it clear that it wouldn’t negotiate with hackers. HBO acknowledged what had happened, clearly stated the principles governing its decision to not engage and held its ground.

Precendents exist in which companies, responding to attacks, have handled these incidents with dignity and transparency. Take the events surrounding the painkiller Tylenol three decades-plus ago.

Thirty-five years have passed since nine people died from taking cyanide-laced Tylenol tablets, but the way Johnson & Johnson handled that crisis is still a textbook model of transparency, responsibility and communication during a crisis.

When things go wrong, companies must remember that the key to getting through a problem is first to be transparent. Second, they must communicate with the public regularly and clearly. Third, they need to take steps to make sure the problem doesn’t happen again.

4: Build a community.

A community used to be a group of people who lived near one other. Today, the word has a much broader definition — it’s a group of people with shared interests, connections or ideas. The communities that formed around GoT were strong and committed.

Some fans went so far as to write articles noting that if people succumbed to watching the pirated episodes, then the GoTbusiness model would suffer and the franchise would be unable to continue producing content for fans. In essence, the fans appealed to the entire GoT community with the sentiment of, “You get what you pay for, so we need to keep paying for this.”

GoT became something to be experienced both in real life and online. People wanted to talk about it and share theories. If your product or service can move beyond being transactional, into something people form a community around, then you’re on to something big.

5: Provide an experience, not just a product.

This final point is the culmination of the previous four. For any product or service to be memorable, it must become an experience. Airbnb is a powerful concept,not just because it provides accommodation or helps fuel the sharing economy. Its genius came in realizing that the majority of its guests use the service as a way to save money and connect with people in areas they’re visiting, thereby enhancing the travel experience.

With GoT, HBO provided a consistent, genuine customer experience. One example: Each week, the network released the show at the same time on both TV and online, so people could watch however they wanted to. It allowed fans to experience the show in unique ways, whether gathered together with friends or watching online while simultaneously engaging in an internet forum.

Winners and losers of the future will be decided based on the types of experiences they provide. That’s the secret to GoT. It’s more than a television show. It’s an experience. And it’s one hackers had better not try to mess up again.

This Post has been copied from entrepreneur site

NASA Cassini-The Saturn Mission

The Cassini mission to Saturn is one of the most ambitious efforts in planetary space exploration ever mounted. A joint endeavor of NASA, the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Italian space agency, Agenzia Spaziale Italiana (ASI), Cassini is a sophisticated robotic spacecraft orbiting the ringed planet and studying the Saturnian system in detail. Cassini also carried a probe called Huygens, which parachuted to the surface of Saturn’s largest moon, Titan, in January 2005 and returned spectacular results.

Cassini completed its initial four-year mission to explore the Saturn System in June 2008, and the first extension, called the Cassini Equinox Mission, in September 2010. Now, the healthy spacecraft is making exciting new discoveries in a second extension called the Cassini Solstice Mission.

In late 2016, the Cassini spacecraft began a daring set of orbits called the Grand Finale, which was in some ways like a whole new mission. The spacecraft  repeatedly climbed high above Saturn’s poles, flying just outside its narrow F ring 20 times. After a last targeted Titan flyby, the spacecraft then dived between Saturn’s uppermost atmosphere and its innermost ring 22 times. As Cassini plunges past Saturn, the spacecraft collected rich and valuable information far beyond the mission’s original plan, including measuring Saturn’s gravitational and magnetic fields, determining ring mass, sampling the atmosphere and ionosphere, and making the last views of Enceladus.

See below the timeline of the mission.

Cassini Huygens Mission Timeline Infographic v1.0

Cassini Huygens Mission Timeline

Here you can view some of the breathtaking photos taken by Cassini mission spacecraft.

NASA Cassini Mission Gallery

For more details on the mission see this Cassini — The Grand Finale Facts

The Cassini-Saturn mission will officially end on 15th September 2017.

Source: NASA

Everything aside let’s have some Jokes

Why did the chicken cross the road?

Aristotle: It is the nature of chickens to cross roads.

Isaac Newton: Chickens at rest tend to stay at rest, chickens in motion tend to cross roads.

Albert Einstein: Whether the chicken crossed the road or the road moved beneath the chicken depends on your frame of reference.

Werner Heisenberg: We are not sure which side of the road the chicken was on, but it was moving very fast.

Wolfgang Pauli: There already was a chicken on this side of the road.

Erwin Schrödinger: The chicken crossed the road and didn’t cross the road simultaneously.


Philosophers have long wondered why socks have this habit of getting lost, and why humans always end up with large collections of unmatched odd socks. One school of thought says that socks are very antisocial creatures, and have a deep sense of rivalry. In particular, two socks of the same design have feelings of loathing towards each other and hence it is nearly impossible to pair them (e.g. a blue sock will usually be found nestling up to a black one, rather than its fellow blue sock)

On the other hand, quantum theorists explain it all by a generalized exclusion principle – it is impossible for two socks to be in the same state, and when it is in danger of happening, one of the socks has to vanish. Indeed the Uncertainty Principle also comes in – the only time you know where a sock is, is when you are wearing it, and hence unable to be sure exactly how fast it is moving. The moment you stop moving and look at your sock, it then starts falling to pieces, changing color, or otherwise becoming indeterminate.

Either way, socks may possess Color and Strangeness, but they seem to lack Charm.

How to Add Details for Photos

I am sure like me you have come across a photo which is worthy  to be saved as part of  special collection but  sometimes there are details with the photo like caption with   names of people in the photo or some other good details, you could not download and save  as per of the photo. There are two ways to save those details:

  • Save as name of the file

This method has limitation. You can only save small details since file name has characters limitation. Even for small details it is not a good practice to put details in name since there is high risk of that valuable data loss if photo is renamed later.

  • Embed the detail into the photo

The better way is to embed these detail into the photo some how. It seems quite a work but there is an easy way. Follow the below steps:

  1. In File explorer,Go to the folder in which the photo is located
  2. Go to ‘View’ tab and check details pane .
  3. In the details of the picture you can see a part ‘Comments:’ . If there is no comment you can see ‘Add comment’ other wise some comments. In either way click on the comment and you can add/edit the it. This is better way to save extra detail. See the snap below for better help.





Inspiring Quotes to Get Through Your Work

If you find yourself in a little mid-week or mid-day slump, take a few moments to re-energize yourself with these inspiring quotes from some of the world’s greatest thinkers. Sometimes, all it takes is a little reminder to boost your spirits and refocus your day.

“Happiness is an attitude. We either make ourselves miserable, or happy and strong. The amount of work is the same.”
— Carlos Castaneda

“When one door of happiness closes, another opens, but often we look so long at the closed door that we do not see the one that has been opened for us.”
— Helen Keller

“You have brains in your head. You have feet in your shoes. You can steer yourself, any direction you choose.”
— Dr. Seuss

“Your work is going to fill a large part of your life, and the only way to be truly satisfied is to do what you believe is great work. And the only way to do great work is to love what you do.”
— Steve Jobs

“Instead of wondering when your next vacation is, you ought to set up a life you don’t need to escape from.”
— Seth Godin

“The problem with the rat race is that even if you win, you’re still a rat.”
— Lily Tomlin
“A man should never neglect his family for business.”
— Walt Disney

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Whats is TIME?

Is the flow of time real or an illusion?

The flow of time is an illusion, and I don’t know very many scientists and philosophers who would disagree with that, to be perfectly honest. The reason that it is an illusion is when you stop to think, what does it even mean that time is flowing? When we say something flows like a river, what you mean is an element of the river at one moment is in a different place of an earlier moment. In other words, it moves with respect to time. But time can’t move with respect to time—time is time. A lot of people make the mistake of thinking that the claim that time does not flow means that there is no time, that time does not exist. That’s nonsense. Time of course exists. We measure it with clocks. Clocks don’t measure the flow of time, they measure intervals of time. Of course there are intervals of time between different events; that’s what clocks measure.

So where does this impression of flow come from?

Well, I like to give an analogy. Suppose I stand up, twirl around a few times, and stop. Then I have the overwhelming impression that the entire universe is rotating. I feel it to be rotating—of course I know it’s not. In the same way, I feel time is flowing, but of course I know it’s not. And presumably the explanation for this illusion has to do with something up here [in your head] and is connected with memory I guess—laying down of memories and so on. So it’s a feeling we have, but it’s not a property of time itself.

And the other thing people contemplate: They think denying the flow of time is denying time asymmetry of the world. Of course events in the world follow a directional sequence. Drop an egg on the floor and it breaks. You don’t see eggs assembling themselves. Buildings fall down after earthquakes; they don’t rise up from heaps of rubble. [There are] many, many examples in daily life of the asymmetry of the world in time; that’s a property of the world. It’s not a property of time itself, and the explanation for that is to be sought in the very early universe and its initial conditions. It’s a whole different and perfectly respectable subject.

Is time an emergent property or a fundamental property?

Time doesn’t flow. That’s part of psychology.

Is time fundamental to the Universe?

Time and space are the framework in which we formulate all of our current theories of the universe, but there is some question as to whether these might be emergent or secondary qualities of the universe. It could be that fundamentally the laws of the universe are formulated in terms of some sort of pre-space and time, and that space-time comes out of something more fundamental.

Now obviously in daily life we experience a three-dimensional world and one dimension of time. But back in the Big Bang—we don’t really understand exactly how the universe was born in the Big Bang, but we think that quantum physics had something to do with it—it may be that this notion of what we would call a classical space-time, where everything seems to be sort of well-defined, maybe that was all closed out. And so maybe not just the world of matter and energy, but even space-time itself is a product of the special early stage of the universe. We don’t know that. That’s work under investigation.

So time could be emergent?

This dichotomy between space-time being emergent, a secondary quality—that something comes out of something more primitive, or something that is at the rock bottom of our description of nature—has been floating around since before my career. John Wheeler believed in and wrote about this in the 1950s—that there might be some pre-geometry, that would give rise to geometry just like atoms give rise to the continuum of elastic bodies—and people play around with that.

The problem is that we don’t have any sort of experimental hands on that. You can dream up mathematical models that do this for you, but testing them looks to be pretty hopeless. I think the reason for that is that most people feel that if there is anything funny sort of underpinning space and time, any departure from our notion of a continuous space and time, that probably it would manifest itself only at the so-called Planck scale, which is [20 orders of magnitude] smaller than an atomic nucleus, and our best instruments at the moment are probing scales which are many orders of magnitude above that. It’s very hard to see how we could get at anything at the Planck scale in a controllable way.

If multiple universes exist, do they have a common clock?

The inter-comparison of time between different observers and different places is a delicate business even within one universe. When you talk about what is the rate of a clock, say, near the surface of a black hole, it’s going to be quite different from the rate of a clock here on Earth. So there isn’t even a common time in the entire universe.

But now if we have a multiverse with other universes, whether each one in a sense comes with its own time—you can only do an inter-comparison between the two if there was some way of sending signals from one to the other. It depends on your multiverse model. There are many on offer, but on the one that cosmologists often talk about—where you have bubbles appearing in a sort of an inflating superstructure—then there’s no direct way of comparing a clock rate in one bubble from clock rates in another bubble.

What do you think are the most exciting recent advances in understanding time?

I’m particularly drawn to the work that is done in the lab on perception of time, because I think that has the ability to make rapid advances in the coming years. For example, there are famous experiments in which people apparently make free decisions at certain moments and yet it’s found that the decision was actually made a little bit earlier, but their own perception of time and their actions within time have been sort of edited after the event. When we observe the world, what we see is an apparently consistent and smooth narrative, but actually the brain is just being bombarded with sense data from different senses and puts all this together. It integrates it and then presents a consistent narrative as it were the conscious self. And so we have this impression that we’re in charge and everything is all smoothly put together. But as a matter of fact, most of this is, is a narrative that’s recreated after the event.

Where it’s particularly striking of course is when people respond appropriately much faster than the speed of thought. You need only think of a piano player or a tennis player to see that the impression that they are making a conscious decision—“that ball is coming in this direction; I’d better move over here and hit it”—couldn’t possibly be. The time it takes for the signals to get to the brain and then through the motor system, back to the response, couldn’t work. And yet they still have this overwhelming impression that they’re observing the world in real time and are in control. I think all of this is pretty fascinating stuff.

In terms of fundamental physics, is there anything especially new about time? I think the answer is not really. There are new ideas that are out there. I think there are still fundamental problems; we’ve talked about one of them: Is time an emergent property or a fundamental property? And the ultimate origin of the arrow of time, which is the asymmetry of the world in time, is still a bit contentious. We know we have to trace it back to the Big Bang, but there are still different issues swirling around there that we haven’t completely resolved. But these are sort of airy-fairy philosophical and theoretical issues in terms of measurement of time or anything being exposed about the nature of time.

Then of course we’re always looking to our experimental colleagues to improve time measurements. At some stage these will become so good that we’ll no doubt see some peculiar effects showing up. There’s still an outstanding fundamental issue that although the laws of physics are symmetric in time, for the most part, there is one set of processes having to do with the weak interaction where there is apparently a fundamental breakdown of this time-reversal symmetry of a small amount. But it seems to play a crucial role and exactly how that fits into the broader picture in the universe. I think there’s still something to be played out there. So there’s still experiments can be done in particle physics that might disclose this time-reversal asymmetry which is there in the weak interaction, and how that fits in with the arrow of time.

Originally posted on http://nautil.us


I watched a local football match in a school playing ground. As I sat down, I asked one of the boys what the score was. With a smile, he replied; “They are leading us with 3-0”! And I said, REALLY!! I have to say you don’t look discouraged.
“Discouraged?” the boy asked with a puzzled look …Why should I be discouraged when the referee has not blown the final whistle? I have confidence in the team and the managers; We shall definitely overcome!
Truly, the match ended 5-4 in favor of the boy’s team! He waved at me gently, with a beautiful smile as he left; I was amazed, mouth wide open; Such confidence; Such beautiful faith.
As I got back home that night, his question kept coming back to me: “Why should I be discouraged when the referee has not blown the final whistle?”
Life is like a game. Why should you be discouraged when the Almighty God is your manager? Why should you be discouraged, when there’s still life? Why should you be discouraged when your final whistle has not sounded? The truth is that many people blow the final whistle themselves; But as long as there is life, nothing is impossible and it is never too late for you. Half time is not full time and HIS calendar for your life is not man’s calendar. Don’t blow the whistle yourself.
BE ENCOURAGED! DON’T GIVE UP. With God all things are still possible!” Never Ever Give Up. Everyday is a fresh start with potentials. .. keep the faith…. keep on believing in God.
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